The ideal situation for driving is a bright and sunny day, but this isn't always an option. There are going to be times when you need to drive to work or run errands when it is raining, snowing, or even hailing outside. Here are some tips for driving in inclement weather safely and effectively.
Drive Slower Than Necessary
Driving more slowly is one of the best things you can do when the weather is bad. This allows you more time to react to issues on the road, whether you need to swerve on a wet road, or if the person in front of you has slammed on their brakes. In general, your car is safer on snow, ice, and wet roads when you drive at a slower speed. While driving more slowly, take turns more slowly as well to prevent skidding or flipping your car. Also keep a good distance away from the vehicle in front of you.
Be Careful When Driving in the Rain
One of the more common weather conditions you will be driving in is rain. In addition to driving at slower speeds, also make sure you are extra careful when driving through a flooded area. It is hard to know just how deep the water is; there might be a very deep pothole that has sunk further than the last time you drove over it. If you see a flood of water on the ground, drive slowly and carefully through it if necessary. A better option is to avoid the flooded area altogether so you can keep water out of your air intake valve. Also, feather the brakes instead of keeping your foot on the brake pedal when driving through a puddle.
Know How to Drive in the Snow
If it is snowing outside, staying home is your best option, but sometimes you still need to drive. In this case, make sure you keep your headlights on, even during the day and stay as far from other vehicles as you can just in case. Accelerate and decelerate nice and slow, and try to reduce use of your brakes. Use them when needed, but drive slowly to avoid having to constantly brake instead of using the stop and go method of driving. Also make sure when going up a hill in the snow, you don't stop while on the hill unless absolutely necessary.
Pull Over When Needed
Don't be afraid to pull over to the side of the road and wait until the weather improves. You might be stuck in a major hail or snowstorm that is making it hard to see safely. Stay far enough away from the road to where someone doesn't accidentally hit you and remain parked until the weather clears up a bit. You might also need to call a tow truck if you don't trust your ability to drive home safely and the weather isn't letting up.